Here’s the raw form of all the links in Single Digit Soccer for easy click-through access:
 You’ll see Game On cited a few times in this book. Farrey also is the executive director of the Aspen Institute’s Sports & Society Program, which launched a program called Project Play to address many of the issues of accessibility.
 That’s the horrifying conclusion to the Game On chapter called “Age 9”
 Originally published in an ESPN piece I wrote from the convention on Jan. 27, 2011: http://espn.go.com/sports/soccer/news/_/id/6061681/us-soccer-matter-style
 “Report on Youth Academies in Europe.” European Club Association, August 2012. PDF online.
 Quick-witted English soccer commentator
 SoccerTots handed out a fun brochure at NSCAA one year
 If you’re really curious, find the 1991 volume of the journal The Physician and Sports Medicine. Or just check the abstract http://journals.lww.com/jpojournal/Citation/1991/07000/Developmental_Skills_and_Children_s_Sports.71.aspx
 Sure, I spoiled the ending, but check it out at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HtAwOpQBYPI
 http://www.usyouthsoccer.org/us_youth_soccer_introduces_practice_guides_for_the_u6-u8_u-10_and_u-12_age_groups/ … similar characteristics are given in U.S. Youth Soccer’s Player Development Model.
 One exception: U.S. Youth Soccer’s site has the slideshow from a 2012 presentation “Behavior modification during training,” by Chris Hershey. It addresses characteristics of autism, Down syndrome, ADHD and more. Go to http://www.usyouthsoccer.org/coaches/coaches_document_center/ and search “behavior.”
 Feb. 15, 2014 LAT column by Kevin Baxter on Christen Press and Whitney Engen; online at http://articles.latimes.com/2014/feb/15/sports/la-sp-soccer-baxter-20140216
 Changing the Game
 2015 NSCAA Convention
 Gridiron tools can be used in soccer training as well. Washington Spirit goalkeeper coach Lloyd Yaxley once gave Ashlyn Harris and Chantel Jones a blocking dummy so they could knock into each other while collecting crosses, simulating the bumps they would get in a game. The keepers eventually decided to ditch the pads to have more realistic collisions. Do not attempt this with youth players.
 Snow did a February 2014 webinar for the NSCAA.
 Again from Snow’s February 2014 webinar
 One of the funniest videos on YouTube is a semi-fictional account of a conversation between a beleaguered coach and an overbearing parent: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gETP14z515Q
 I caught up with Fraser at NSCAA 2014, specifically seeking out the cerebral coach as someone whose input I wanted.
 2015 NSCAA convention
 Look around and find any study you want. One of the better roundups is from Slate writer and youth soccer coach Stefan Fatsis: http://www.slate.com/articles/sports/sports_nut/2014/02/soccer_headers_and_children_why_kids_shouldn_t_be_allowed_to_hit_the_ball.html
 One such teaching resource: http://coachingamericansoccer.com/introductions-to-skills/soccer-heading/
 http://www.phillysoccerpage.net/2015/02/05/youth-soccer-were-doing-it-wrong-part-3/ — Pugh draws heavily from the book Coaching Outside the Box by Paul S.A. Mairs and Richard E. Shaw
 Founder Scott Leben explains the video game-to-soccer connection at http://inside.playisoccer.com/great-articles-and-testimonials/how-to-use-gaming-psychology-in-practice/
 Sept. 27, 2007 column for Soccer America: http://www.socceramerica.com/article/23614/reviving-the-pickup-game.html
 David Leon Moore, “Q&A with Jürgen Klinsmann: ‘I Am Honored’ to Coach U.S. Team,” World Cup 2014, USA TODAY Sports, p. 20
 Changing the Game
 Article 18.4 of the youth club standards as of February 2012. See http://www.usclubsoccer.org/resources/youth-club-standards/
 Jack McCallum’s “Chaos Theory” story in the Feb. 25, 2013, issue of Sports Illustrated. In the SI vault at http://www.si.com/vault/2013/02/25/106289690/chaos-theory
 This is the same face-to-face interview mentioned in previous chapters, and it’s important to note that I wasn’t asking Fraser about any specific program.
 http://www.theguardian.com/football/2013/may/23/germany-bust-boom-talent — Same story also says teens in Germany academies get 34 hours a week of actual school, which English counterparts who were used to nine hours a week found astounding.
 This quote was widely distributed. One instance is from the Guardian Sports Network: http://www.theguardian.com/football/these-football-times/2014/aug/29/ireland-irish-players-premier-league
 Start at http://www.usyouthsoccer.org/us_youth_soccer_introduces_practice_guides_for_the_u6-u8_u-10_and_u-12_age_groups/ for the 2013 version; also see the U.S. Youth Soccer Player Development Model.
 The paper is “Intensive Training and Sports Specialization in Young Athletes,” in the journal Pediatrics, Vol. 106, No. 1, July 1, 2000, pp. 154-157. The policy was reaffirmed in October 2014. http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/135/2/e558.short
 This is in the “Age 2” chapter.
 Start with Salon at http://www.salon.com/2014/07/15/is_malcolm_gladwell_wrong_scientists_debate_the_10000_hour_rule/
 Also from the “Rethinking early player development” post
 101 Ways to Be a Terrific Sports Parent: Making Athletics a Positive Experience for Your Child
 Check the July 8, 2013, ESPN magazine story “Miracle on Ice” or check http://espn.go.com/nhl/story/_/id/9418183/usa-hockey-encourages-kids-nhl-dreams-play-other-sports-espn-magazine
 Find a bit called “Tommy Salami” on Spotify or Comedy Central’s site. You can start at the 50-second mark at Comedy Central — http://www.cc.com/video-clips/v6wqiq/comedy-central-presents-tommy-salami — but the Spotify rendition is more apt.
 http://ceribowley87.blogspot.com/2014/12/developing-club-philosophy.html — at NSCAA 2015, he cited numbers in detail: 62% of players sought social skills, 23% soccer skills
 The curriculum is getting hard to find online. For now, try https://ussoccer.app.box.com/s/1z1gjgwhlyhxvamfq8s53utck8nnrtl2
 Originally published in my ESPN.com piece on the matter at http://espn.go.com/sports/soccer/news/_/id/6061681/us-soccer-matter-style
 Seriously — it’s a registered trademark. Also notable on AYSO: Though its philosophies make it sound like a rec league, it has produced some strong national team talent, including Landon Donovan, Julie Foudy, Eric Wynalda, Alex Morgan, and Brian Ching. See http://www.ayso.org/aboutayso/alumni/ayso_famous_alumni.htm
 Gratuitous Romeo Void reference. Look it up, though the song is PG-13.
 David Newbery presentation on characteristics of good clubs at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ItGkdm4eFmg
 Like the Arena quotes, this is from my ESPN story off the 2011 NSCAA convention and the curriculum unveiling: http://espn.go.com/sports/soccer/news/_/id/6061681/us-soccer-matter-style
 Parenting Young Athletes the Ripken Way: Ensuring the Best Experience for Your Kids in Any Sport, by Cal Ripken Jr. and Rick Wolff (chairman, Center for Sports Parenting).
 Email interview. Learn more about Rick Wolff (a very busy guy!) at his site: http://www.askcoachwolff.com/about/
 The PDF is at http://www.usyouthsoccer.org/assets/1/3/US_Youth_Soccer_Player_Development_Model.pdf – skip to p. 66-67 for this bit.
 Game On
 Boston Globe magazine, May 4, 2014: “How parents are ruining youth sports.” The awkward URL: https://www.bostonglobe.com/magazine/2014/05/03/how-parents-are-ruining-youth-sports/vbRln8qYXkrrNFJcsuvNyM/story.html
 Forbes online columnist Bob Cook cited this on his blog Feb. 3, 2014: http://www.forbes.com/sites/bobcook/2014/02/03/as-the-middle-class-fades-the-casual-youth-athlete-dies-out-with-it/
 Check out the roster at http://www.fifa.com/tournaments/archive/u17worldcup/finland2003/teams/team=1882394/index.html
 Email interview
 The O’Sullivan piece is at http://www.soccerwire.com/blog-posts/our-unhealthy-obsession-with-childhood-athletic-success — for background on Barnsley and his research, he links to http://www.sportsscientists.com/2009/01/the-matthew-effect/
 A different O’Sullivan piece: http://www.soccerwire.com/blog-posts/our-biggest-mistake-talent-selection-instead-of-talent-identification/
 The Georgia Soccer “Academy” program: http://www.georgiasoccer.org/schedules/academy_program_scheduling/
 See Michael Calvin’s book, The Nowhere Men
 Found on the D.C. Urban Moms’ message boards. No point in citing beyond that — everyone’s anonymous. “DS” is a common abbreviation for “Dear Son.”
 Just search YouTube. You’ll find plenty of versions of the speech, including some “remixes.” People on the Internet are clever.
 NSCAA webinar
 The Current keeps up a wonderful archive, but when I did my final footnote check, I found this discussion was no longer there. If you’re able to search some other way, look for the episode of March 6, 2013.
 http://www.socceramerica.com/article/59821/shannon-macmillan-a-world-champs-view-on-coachin.html … and yes, I’ve voted for MacMillan for the Hall of Fame.
 ESPN.com interview with Reyna: http://espn.go.com/sports/soccer/story/_/id/7790903/us-soccer-claudio-reyna-vision-fixing-us-youth-soccer-arch-bell
 Mike Woitalla, Soccer America, Feb. 6, 2007, My View:Youth Soccer Turf War – http://www.socceramerica.com/article/20462/my-viewyouth-soccer-turf-war.html
 Email interviews with Lavers and Snow account for this and the next few paragraphs.
 http://www.soccerwire.com/blog-posts/hummer-gotsoccer-com-has-jumped-the-shark-by-ranking-u-10s-u-11s/ — two disclaimers are necessary here. First, Hummer’s site also produces youth soccer rankings, though not down to this level. Second, I’ve written for Soccer Wire as a freelancer.
 How Children Succeed talks little about sports — it’s mostly an education book. But it’s an interesting read for those who want to see which lessons apply to sports. Or if you just want to learn about parenting.
 The quote is from the book Changing the Game. O’Sullivan goes into detail on the two mindsets as they apply to soccer at http://changingthegameproject.com/the-mindset-of-high-performers/
 Some historians think Vince Lombardi, the legendary NFL coach to whom this quote is attributed, actually said something about “the will to win” or “making the effort to win.” Some say UCLA football coach Red Sanders should get credit for the quote. And some say Lombardi’s comment was taken out of context, anyway, and that he goes on to talk about sportsmanship.
 2015 NSCAA convention
 Interview at 2014 NSCAA convention
 See “Relative Age Effect” in Chapter 8.
 2015 NSCAA Convention: “Honest Answers for Soccer Parents”
 2015 NSCAA Convention panel
 Email interview
 The NSCAA’s David Newbery encourages mixed-age groups in his 20 Common Characteristics of Successful Youth Soccer Clubs. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ItGkdm4eFmg
 Both quotes in this section are from Changing the Game
 What? See http://chess.about.com/od/rulesofchess/a/What-Is-The-Swiss-System.htm or Google “Swiss system” to find an explanation you like.
 Changing the Game, again
 http://youthreport.projectplay.us/ — Game On author Tom Farrey is the executive director.
 Mike Woitalla at a 2015 NSCAA panel: Don’t be frustrated if these fancy things you see at the NSCAA Convention don’t work with your kids
 2014 NSCAA webinar
 2014 NSCAA webinar
 Email interview
 Survival Guide for Coaching Youth Soccer; Lindsey Blom and Tim Blom, 2009, Human Kinetics.
 Search “hockey canada psa” at YouTube. They’re all good. My favorite is the Pin the Tail on the Donkey Mom: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wbcEZxq6uqA
 Changing the Game
 O’Sullivan moderated this forum, called “Youth Soccer in the Real World.” Thompson is director of coaching for Maryland Youth Soccer.
 101 Ways to Be a Terrific Sports Parent
 Changing the Game
 One good take along the same lines: https://www.youthletic.com/articles/the-right-way-to-handle-a-referees-bad-call/?page=1
 The episode is “Bart Star” from Season 9, guest-starring Joe Namath
 This is No. 53 of the 101 ways in 101 Ways to Be a Terrific Sports Parent
 2015 NSCAA convention
 How Children Succeed: Grit, Curiosity and the Hidden Power of Character
 Dweck wrote the book Mindset and sums up her ideas along with some interesting interactive tools at http://mindsetonline.com/
 Changing the Game
Blom, Lindsey, and Tim Blom. Survival Guide for Coaching Youth Soccer. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 2009.
Calvin, Mike. The Nowhere Men. N.p.: Random House UK, 2014.
Epstein, David J. The Sports Gene. N.p.: Current, 2014. Print.
Farrey, Tom. Game On: The All-American Race to Make Champions of Our Children. New York: ESPN, 2008.
Fish, Joel, and Susan Magee. 101 Ways to Be a Terrific Sports Parent: Making Athletics a Positive Experience for Your Child. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2003.
Hyman, Mark. Until It Hurts: America’s Obsession with Youth Sports and How It Harms Our Kids. Boston: Beacon, 2009.
O’Sullivan, John. Changing the Game: The Parent’s Guide to Raising Happy, High Performing Athletes, and Giving Youth Sports Back to Our Kids. N.p.: Morgan James, 2013.
Parr, Robert, Terry Eguaoje, Tom Condone, and Matt Fansher. Developing a Model Soccer Club. N.p.: SoccerROM LLC, 2012.
Ripken, Cal, and Rick Wolff. Parenting Young Athletes the Ripken Way: Ensuring the Best Experience for Your Kids in Any Sport. New York: Gotham, 2006.
Tough, Paul. How Children Succeed: Grit, Curiosity, and the Hidden Power of Character. N.p.: Mariner, 2013.
In person: Robin Fraser
By email: Julie Foudy, Garth Lagerwey, Alexi Lalas, Christian Lavers, Sam Snow, Tiffany Weimer, Rick Wolff
Via the Houston Dynamo communications staff: Bobby Boswell, Mike Chabala, Andrew Driver, Kofi Sarkodie
RESOURCES FROM YOUTH ORGANIZATIONS
From U.S. Soccer:
- The “Best Practices for Coaching Soccer in the United States” is currently found on the Coaching Resources page: http://www.ussoccer.com/coaching-education/resources
- The U.S. Soccer curriculum is getting harder and harder to find on the USSF site. You can find it for now at https://ussoccer.app.box.com/s/1z1gjgwhlyhxvamfq8s53utck8nnrtl2
From U.S. Youth Soccer:
- Best place to start is the Coaching Education page: http://www.usyouthsoccer.org/coaches/Education/
- That page includes a Coaching Manual: http://www.usyouthsoccer.org/assets/1/15/2012_coaching_manual_for_web.pdf
- And the wonderful “Help! I Volunteered to Coach!” page: http://www.usyouthsoccer.org/coaches/Help_Volunteered/
- The Coaching Manual is also linked from the Recommended Reading page: http://www.usyouthsoccer.org/coaches/Recommended_Reading/
- As is the all-important Player Development Model: http://www.usyouthsoccer.org/assets/1/3/US_Youth_Soccer_Player_Development_Model.pdf
- I also pulled info from the practice guides for various age groups, which are all listed from the Coaching Education page but may be easier to find from here: http://www.usyouthsoccer.org/us_youth_soccer_introduces_practice_guides_for_the_u6-u8_u-10_and_u-12_age_groups/
- You’ll find plenty more from the Coaching Education page, including a link to get you started in TOPSoccer.
From the NSCAA:
- Start at the basic education page: http://www.nscaa.com/education … From there, you’ll find an infinite variety of practice plans and coaching advice.
- You have to pay for their Complete Soccer Coaching Curriculum and a few other helpful books at http://www.nscaa.com/elearning/digital-manuals, but you can get a sample of that Curriculum and download material for each level such as the Level 3-6 Diploma guide at https://www.nscaa.com/user_images/education/curriculum-material/Levels3-6-10.12.12.pdf
- Info about their club standards: http://www.nscaa.com/education/clubstandards
From U.S. Club Soccer:
- The U.S. Club Soccer Youth Club Standards are at http://www.usclubsoccer.org/resources/youth-club-standards/
- They’ve worked with the NSCAA to create a Director of Coaching diploma: http://www.usclubsoccer.org/programs/club-development/nscaaus-club-soccer-doc-diploma-courses/
- Start at their Coaches page: http://www.ayso.org/For_Volunteers/coaches.htm
- They emphasize a document called Teaching the Game to Kids, available here: http://www.ayso.org/Assets/For+Volunteers/Coaches/Drills/teaching_the_game_to_kids.pdf
Other general resources mentioned in this book:
The European Club Association’s Report on Youth Academies in Europe was released August 2012, though you can feel free to check for an updated version. The 2012 edition: http://www.ecaeurope.com/Research/ECA%20Report%20on%20Youth%20Academies/ECA%20Report%20on%20Youth%20Academies.pdf
The U.S. Olympic Committee has devised an American Development Model: http://www.teamusa.org/About-the-USOC/Athlete-Development/Coaching-Education/American-Development-Model
Project Play: http://youthreport.projectplay.us/
NSCAA Convention sessions
“Understanding Players with Disabilities,” Mike Barr
“Coalescing the USSF, USYS, and NSCAA Curricula for U8-U10: Can it be done?” Mike Singleton
“How Can We Improve Our Recreation Program?” Lee Smith
“Kindersoccer,” Ron Quinn
“Implementing a Curriculum for Player Development,” Robert Parr, Terry Eguaoje, Ryan Lakin
“Better Player Development Option: High School or Development Academy/Elite Clubs National League,” Kevin Sims
“0.0017% vs. 100%: Sharing Player Development,” Ceri Bowley
“Project Play – Re-Imaging Youth Sports in America with an 8 Point Plan,” Tom Farrey
“Honest Answers for Soccer Parents,” Mike Barr
“Parent Coaches: What They Are, What They Should Be,” Eric Redder
“Building Champions: German Player Development,” Bernd Stoeber, Anouschka Bernhard, Frank Tschan
“Get Real: A Realistic Approach to Player Development,” Scott Snyder
“Changing the Game: Building a High-Performing State of Mind in Your Players,” John O’Sullivan
“Youth Soccer in the Real World: A Discussion of the Issues Faced by a Modern Day Club DOC,” John O’Sullivan, Brett Jacobs, Charlie Slagle, Karla Thompson, Mike Woitalla, Sam Snow
“TOPSoccer-Overcoming Barriers to Participation,” Libby Anderl
“How to Incorporate Recreation and Academy Programs – Steps for Success,” Eric Landon